How do we confirm the death mostly?
If the heart stops its beating, we confirm that person has died. Here, brain death is the brain stops working completely before the heart stops beating.
We’ve heard that brain death occurs to the young man who got brain injured due to a road accident. It means brain death occurs due to heavy blows.
The brain is the headquarter of the nervous system. The brain controls all the activities, respiration, and emotions. If any tiny effects occur in the millions of microfibers of the brain, may lead to the reasons of various problems related to mental health.
The main reason for brain death is occurring heavy blows in the head. That is why brain death occurs in brain-injured patients due to road accidents. And also it may occur due to taking too many medicines, kidney failure, liver failure, and poison drinking. But they are very rare in cases.
Some tests are carried out by doctors to confirm brain death. A torch is shone into both eyes to see if they react to the light. If the pupil shrinks, it means the brain is being in action. If it doesn’t shrink, “ Doll Eye Movement” will be made next. If the eyes are being in the same position, when the head is turned upside down, it means the brain is dead.
After these tests, the doctors will check the patient whether he has any emotions. For that, ice-cold water is inserted into each ear, which would usually cause the eye to move. Then, they will do the “ Apnea Test” to the patient.
The heart will beat for few hours, even if the brain stops working. The brain death patient can’t breathe anymore. So the heart stops its breathing due to insufficient oxygen.
As a result of new technology growth, the heart can be activated by giving oxygen through connecting with the ventilator. The patient is disconnected from the ventilator for a short period of time to see if he make any attempt to breathe on his own. If he doesn’t breathe, the doctors re-test this after 6-12 hours.
Brain death is diagnosed if a person fails to respond to all these tests. Both doctors have to agree on the results for a diagnosis of brain death to be confirmed.
If it confirmed as brain death, he is dead almost. He couldn’t be get up anymore. The heart, liver, pancreas, eye, and other organs are alive even if the brain died. So, if his relatives wish, the organs will be donated. If it happens within few hours only, the organ donation can be transmitted successfully.